ALKALOIDS

   bodies of vegetable origin, similar in their properties, as well as toxicologically, to alkalies; contain as a rule carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen; many of them are poisonous and invaluable in medicine.

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • alkaloids — alkaloids. См. алкалоиды. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • alkaloids — alkaloidai statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Organiniai junginiai, antrinio metabolizmo produktai, randami augaluose ir pasižymintys stipriu fiziologiniu veikimu. atitikmenys: angl. alkaloids rus. алкалоиды …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • alkaloids — al·ka·loid || ælkÉ™lɔɪd n. any of a class of organic compounds which contain nitrogen and have a bitter taste (Chemistry) adj. (Chemistry) resembling an alkali; alkaline …   English contemporary dictionary

  • alkaloids and hallucinations —    The term alkaloid is indebted to the Latin noun alkali, which in turn stems from the classic Arabic expression al qily, commonly translated as he roasted , or he grilled . The expression al qily is said to refer to the scorched ashes of the… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • vinca alkaloids — alkaloids produced by the Madagascar periwinkle, Vinca rosea; they are cytotoxic and cell cycle–specific for the M phase of cell division, acting by binding to tubulin, leading to arrest of cells in metaphase …   Medical dictionary

  • bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids — A group of alkaloids whose base structure is two fused isoquinoline rings, e.g., curare alkaloids …   Medical dictionary

  • Catharanthus alkaloids — SYN: Vinca alkaloids, under alkaloid …   Medical dictionary

  • belladonna alkaloids — a group of anticholinergic alkaloids occurring in belladonna (Atropa belladonna); see belladonna …   Medical dictionary

  • ergot alkaloids — a group of chemically related alkaloids either derived from ergot or synthesized; some cause ergotism while others are medicinal. Included are ergocornine, ergocristine, ergocryptine, ergonovine, ergotamine, and lysergic acid diethylamide …   Medical dictionary

  • vinca alkaloids — See vinblastine and vincristine …   Dictionary of molecular biology

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